Sen Tom Harkin is "Considering"
Re-introducing His 1995 Bill
to End the Filibuster.
AND START DOIN'!
The filibuster is a self-imposed Senate rule, and, as James Fallows details here , it hasn't always been such a factor in Senate business. Filibustering was rare for most of the Senate's first two centuries, though perhaps more effective; for much of that period, backers needed 67 votes to overcome a filibuster.
The Senate changed the rules in 1975, so that it would only take 60 votes to overcome a filibuster. Not too long after that – beginning roughly around the time Bill Clinton came into office – filibustering went from a rare maneuver to common practice. It's been particularly popular among Senate Republicans in the most recent Congress, as Norman Ornstein illustrates here .
"Republicans have invoked filibusters or used other delaying tactics on controversial issues like Medicare prescription drugs, the war in Iraq, and domestic surveillance—and on non-controversial issues like ethics reform and electronic campaign disclosure," he notes.
Harkin first introduced his bill in 1995 – with Connecticut independent Sen. Joe Lieberman as a co-sponsor. Lieberman, of course, recently leveraged the threat of not voting with Democrats in order to get major concessions on the health care bill, something he would not have been able to do without the current filibuster rules.
Harkin's bill keeps the 60-vote rule for the first vote but lessens it with each subsequent vote – after a week of debate, he suggested, the number of votes needed to defeat a filibuster would drop to 57. That process would continue until the simple majority of 51 votes was needed to end debate.